Affected by the financial crisis, the global mold market has shrunk. The rising price of raw materials and the increase of labor costs have also impacted the die and mould industry of various countries to varying degrees. In order to reduce costs and maintain profits, the Japanese die and mould industry is now moving out low-end dies one after another and only retaining high-end die products.
In order to keep profit, Japan's mold industry rearranged its industrial layout. Now the Japanese die casting mold industry is gradually turning the low technical content of the mold to the production of low labor cost, such as India, Thailand, Myanmar and other countries, and Japan only produces high technical content of the product.
Through the adjustment of industrial structure, Japan accelerated the transfer of low-technology and high-cost die and mould enterprises to foreign countries, which reduced the number of low-end die and mould in Japan. However, the added value of the high-precision die and mould industry in Japan was very high, so the profit of the die and mould industry in Japan did not decline.
Compared with decentralized production, cluster production has many advantages: convenient cooperation, lower costs, open markets, reduce environmental pollution area, and facilitate the communication between peers, as well as enjoy more preferential policies.
1. Reduce costs
Mold cluster, the geographical location of enterprises close, is conducive to the formation of a highly detailed, closely coordinated professional division of labor system, with the advantages of social division of labor to make up for the scale of small and medium-sized enterprises diseconomy defects, effectively reduce the production cost and transaction cost.
2. Integrate resources
Industrial cluster enables each enterprise to make full use of its own location, resources, material and technical basis, division of labor system, production and marketing network, etc., one place one product, gather each other, rolling development, and provides conditions for the formation of professional market in the region.
3, improve competitiveness
Clusters form regional economies of scale, and enterprises can often win in price and quality, deliver goods on time and increase bargaining chips in negotiations, which is conducive to expanding the international market.
4. Achieve scale
With the development of technology and the change of demand, the process is increasingly highly specialized. The mold cluster provides a great survival opportunity for the specialized manufacturers, and also enables them to realize the scale production. The two form a virtuous cycle, and continuously improve the overall production efficiency of the enterprise cluster.